So, how long can a cactus go without water?
Cactus has developed a few great survival techniques and can go a long time without water. Some of the cacti species can go without water for as long as two years. The cacti have thick stems that can store water and consume it whenever needed. They also have a protective layer that prevents the loss of water. However, indoor cactus will need frequent watering to keep it alive.
How Long Can A Cactus Live Without Water?
On an average, the cactus plants can survive without water for a period of around two years. However, that should not mean they will continue to live without water forever, or even for long. Being a living thing, cactus does need water and will die if they do not get enough water.
They can survive without water for a more extended period of time simply because they have developed a few unique features as an evolutionary strategy, and thus store enough water and consume it only when needed. When compared to the plants in the other regions, the cactus and similar other desert plants store water in their roots and stems. They have modified the leaves into a variety of ways so that the water is not lost through the process of evaporation.
If you believe that cacti have deeper roots to store water, you are wrong once again. They do not have deeper roots to extract more water from underground but have shallow roots that go only a few inches inside the ground.
How long a cactus can go without water depends upon several factors and is not the same across all the cacti out there. How long can a cactus go without water will depend on the species of the cactus, its size ad the location that is found to be growing.
What helps cactus in surviving without water for many days?
What makes cactus survive without water for long? How does cactus plant live without water? Cactus plant makes this possible by developing a few adaptations and modifications in its anatomy to help them preserve whatever water they receive during the scarce rains. The prickly spines and the extensive roots are what make it one of the best features that a cactus develops that helps it survive without water for many days.
The prickly spines you find on the cactus are, in fact, the modified leaves. The spines serve two significant purposes – they prevent the plant from being eaten by the desert animals, and they also prevent the loss of water through evaporation which can be a huge issue given the dry air prevalent in a desert.
The cacti also have an extensive but show roots which help in preserving the water. The roots extend to a longer distance around the plant, thereby making sure that they can soak up as much water as possible and store it. Since the rain can be extremely scarce in the desert and similar arid areas where cacti grow, these develop a thick stem that lets them store much water that can stay without evaporation for a more extended time period.
A good example can be the Saguaro species that can absorb and store up to 200 gallons of water.
How Much Water Does a Cactus Need?
There are no ways to find an exact amount of water that a cactus would need to survive. We can only make a generalisation with respect to finding how much water does a cactus need to survive. It may be a good idea to water your indoor cactus at least twice a week. Do note, however, that too much and too little water can both have serious concerns and that is precisely why gardeners tend to lose most of their cacti.
It is not advisable to follow a specific schedule for watering a cactus. That way, one may end up overwatering the cactus which can have its own repercussions.
The prime factors that decide how much water does a cactus need to survive would include:
- The species.
- Age of the cactus.
- Location of the cactus.
- The season during which it is grown.
How To Water A Cactus Indoors?
We would recommend a few guidelines when watering your indoor cacti. Make sure you follow them carefully as both underwatering and overwatering can have a few detrimental effects on the health of the cactus.
How to water a cactus indoors can be achieved through several means. The method you use would be dependent on your preferences.
If you have planted your cactus in a pot, follow the methods here below:
- Place the pot with the cactus in a saucer that has enough water.
- Let the roots of your cactus absorb the water from the saucer.
- When you find that the wetness of the water inside the pot is almost halfway up, carefully remove the pot from the saucer.
This method can involve submerging the cacti plant into the water. This method should ideally work with the cactus plants that have bigger and thick roots. You can even decide to apply water on the surface of the water.
The amount of water in this method would ideally be dependent on the sunlight and heat that it does receive. In case your cactus is located in an open area and receives direct sunlight, you will need to water it a little more.
Whichever method among them you may use, make sure that you do not overwater the cactus. Overwatering a succulent can be more dangerous than underwatering it.
How Long Can Succulents Live Without Water?
Succulent is a plant group that have fleshy and thick stems which can retain water for a long time. Cactus is one of the examples of Succulents. That means they can live without water for long but, different Succulents plant may have different capacity and characteristics that would enable them to live with water for certain periods. But, how long? it would vary with specific Succulent plants.
How long can succulents live without water can be dependent on a wide range of different factors. In most of the situations, you can expect a succulent to live without water for two years. Still, the actual period can be dependent on multiple factors such as age, species, location and season.
Here are a few of the factors you need to pay attention to when understanding how long can succulents live without water can include:
Species and Age of the Succulent
Succulents come in a vast variety of species. With such diversity, it may not be easy to understand and estimate how long they can go without water. The succulents that have thicker and compact stems and leaves can go a long time without water. However, the plants with thin leaves may not be able to go without water for more than a month or two.
Succulents such as Graptopetalum or Crassula can go without water for as many as three months. However, species such as Lithops can survive with water only a couple of times throughout the entire year.
Season of the year will have a bearing on how long can a succulent go without water. They can lose more water in the hotter months than in the cooler months. The warmer season can make the succulent to lose more water by evaporation. You will thus need to water your succulent more in a warmer month than in the colder months.
Some species of succulent can go into a dormancy phase during the winters. This is the period when the plant will experience the slowest growth. In such a situation, the succulent will need less water. Do remember that some succulents go into a phase of dormancy in summers as well.
The area where the succulent grows can also have a bearing on the amount of water it does need. The succulent in the direct sunlight and outdoors can need more water. Those grown in the indoors in filtered light conditions can need less water.
The climate in every region and location decides how long can succulents live without water. Even the material where the succulents are grown can also have a bearing on the amount of water they need. The terracotta pots, for instance, can absorb water and help you avoid the issues such as overwatering. However, during the summers, this can cause under watering issues.
How to Find if Your Cactus is Underwatered or Overwatered?
Cacti do not need a huge amount of water. In fact, overwatering can cause severe issues when compared to underwatering.
A few prime signs of underwatering can manifest themselves in:
- The green stems or modified leaves may appear to be withered.
- The colour of the cacti can turn pale
- The cactus can become quite soft to touch
- The fleshy cactus can be dimpled
- The plant may lean to one side
However, underwatering will not cause significant issues. A deep watering as soon as you notice the underwatering symptoms can bring your plant back to life.
In the case of cacti and other succulents, overwatering can be one of the severe issues. Overwatering can damage the delicate root system. Rotting roots can make it quite late to save the plant.
A few of the signs that can indicate the overwatered cactus can include:
- The fleshy leave may appear plump and swollen
- Leaves can turn brown or black
- The stems may begin leaking
- The roots get black and mushy
- Leaves can begin dropping.
If you notice any signs of overwatering, stop watering the plant immediately. Remove the cactus from the plant and examine the roots thoroughly. Cut off the damaged roots instantly. The healthy roots will remain white and sturdy and will not break away easily.
Can A Cactus Grow Anywhere In The World?
Cactus can grow anywhere and everywhere. Contrary to the belief that cacti can only grow in a desert, the cacti can grow in almost every kind of climate around the world. In fact, the cactus species can be grown even in the regions such as rainforests and the colder environments.
The best factor that makes the cacti grow practically anywhere relies on the fact that they are not fussy plants and do not need a high degree of care. As long as you understand them and provide them with the right growing environment, you can find them growing without any kind of issues.
Knowing your cactus really well should be one of the prime options you would need to focus on if you want to take care of your beloved plant. How to water a cactus indoors and understanding how long can a cactus live without water in my garden as outlined in the above discussion should help you make use of the right watering techniques.