In today’s post, we thought of checking out the popular types of Cactus in Texas. The city of Texas is known for a good range of Cacti, and if you are a seasoned gardener, you will find it an excellent option for giving a new look to your garden.
What is Cactus?
The Cactus is a plant of the family Cactaceae. The family has over 127 different genera and 1750 known species of the plant. The name cactus has been derived from the words of Theophrastus for a spiny plant.
The Cactus belongs to more than 10000 species of succulent plants. Not only among succulent plants, but Cactus rules the roost among almost all houseplants. Cactus as the name is inspired by the Latin term that was further derived from the ancient Greek way of life. During those days, Kaktos was a spiky plant that was entirely found in Sicily.
The Cactus is quite popular on the American continent. Right from North America to South America, you will ideally find hundreds of varieties of Cacti. However, Mexico boasts of a huge share of the best ever Cacti ever. In fact, Cactus as a plant has been considered to be equivalent to the native of Mexico.
How to Identify Cactus?
Cactus has been one of the most common plant species among the succulents. In fact, you will be able to identify the Cactus relatively quickly when you compare it to the other succulents. It has been one of the extremely recognisable genera among the succulent plants family.
The two prime characteristics that can be helpful in identifying the Cactus without any issues as such. The Stem and the Areoles are what would be helpful in efficiently identifying the Cactus in the right spirit.
As for the stem, you will find that most of the Cacti come with a green, leafless and spiny stem. In essence, the Cactus has the leaves transformed into the stem and come with a bulbous body that helps it retain and store water.
Once you have found the information about the stem, the next hint in identifying the Cactus is to look at the areoles. The areoles refer to the wooly and hairy part from where the spine emerges. You would find this structure only in Cactus and not in any other succulent.
If you are looking to find the exact options for the positive identification of Members of the Cactus Family, it may be worthwhile to check out the gardening assistants who can help you pick the best options.
How to Grow Cactus?
Cactus has been one of the most widely used plants for indoor planting. The unique look, a longer life and more comfortable care are a few factors that would make it one of the best options for an indoor gardening. Growing a cactus plant should be extremely easy and simple enough.
A Cactus does need full sunlight for almost all the species and genera. For the potted varieties of Cacti, it would be a good idea to go with the small and medium sized cacti. Cactus needs the soil that has faster draining. Using the normal potting may not be a good choice in this case. You need to go with the special cactus specific potting soils and pots. You may also use the standard potting soil and use it in a 1:4 ratio to make it thinner.
Most of the cacti, when purchased are already growing, and it should not take anything more than simply digging a hole and planting them. You should wait for at least two to three weeks before watering your pot.
The fertilisers are quite specially designed for the Cactus. The standard fertilisers may not work well with the cacti. You should focus on a proper watering. In the late summer and winter, it is advisable to reduce the watering to an ultimately none.
Types of Cactus in Texas
If you are in Texas, you will find that Texas is the home for a huge range of different types of cacti. Let us check out a few of the best options for the best types of Cactus in Texas. There are different types of succulents in Texas, and it will be a good idea to understand them in a more positive manner.
|Type||Habitat||Range of availability||Form||Flowers|
|Ariocarpus fissuratus (Living Rock)||Limestone ridges, low levels||West Texas,||Flattened disc, always solitary, bearing triangular, warty, overlapping tubercles||Pale pink to purple, in fall or early winter.|
|Coryphantha Nickelsiae (Nickels Cactus||Desert scrubland and limestone terraces, low levels||Far south Texas||Small globes; solitary or cluster forming||Pale yellow with white bands, during late summer|
|Coryphantha Macromeris (Nipple Beehive)||Gravel flats and hillsides||Southeast New Mexico, the Big Bend area of west Texas, and far south Texas||Small, tuberculate stems, forms clusters,||pink to purple coloured, bloom in late summer|
|Cylindropuntia Imbricata (Tree Cholla)||grassland, scrubland, woodland, hillsides||South Colorado, all across New Mexico, west Texas, far southeast Arizona, west Oklahoma, west Kansas||Tall, branched clumps||Pink, violet|
|Echinocereus Chloranthus (Brown coloured Cactus)||Gravely slopes||South New Mexico, west Texas||Single, occasionally branched||Red to brown blooms in early to mid-spring|
|Ferocactus Hamatacanthus (Texas Barrel cactus)||Limestone hillsides and cliffs||West and South Texas along the Rio Grande, and Otaro County, southern New Mexico||Single, may form clusters at times.||Yellow and reddish underneath|
|Cylindropuntia leptocaulis (Christmas Cholla)||Scrubland, grassland, canyon sides||Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, southwest Oklahoma||Low shrub||Greenish yellow|
These were the most popular cactus found in Texas, but these are not only out there, there are so many, and few more of them, I am putting below:
- Robust Spine Beehive Cactus (Coryphantha Robustispina)
- Eagle Claws (Echinocactus Horizonthalonius)
- Horse Crippler (Echinocactus Texensis)
- Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus (Echinocereus Coccineus)
- Lace Hedgehog Cactus (Echinocereus Reichenbachii)
- Ladyfinger Cactus (Echinocereus Pentalophus)
- Fendler’s Hedgehog (Echinocereus Fendleri)
- Green Strawberry Hedgehog (Echinocereus Enneacanthus)
- Lace Hedgehog Cactus (Echinocereus Reichenbachii)
- button cactus (Epithelantha micromeris)
- Cob beehive cactus (Escobaria tuberculosa)
- Big Bend prickly pear (Grusonia aggeria)
- Chihuahuan fishhook cactus (Glandulicactus uncinatus)
- Strawberry hedgehog cactus (Echinocereus stramineus)
- Nylon hedgehog cactus (Echinocereus viridiflorus)
- rat-tail pincushion cactus (Mammillaria pottsii)
- Chenille prickly pear (Opuntia aciculata)
- Rio Grande prickly pear (Opuntia aureispina)
- Purple prickly pear (Opuntia azurea)
- Warnock’s fishhook cactus (Echinomastus warnockii)
- Arizona barrel cactus (Ferocactus wislizeni)
- Common beehive cactus (Escobaria vivipara)
- Devil cholla (Grusonia Emoryi)
- Graham’s club cholla (Grusonia grahamii)
- Arizona fishhook cactus (Mammillaria grahamii)
- lacespine pincushion cactus (Mammillaria lasiacantha)
- Little pincushion cactus (Mammillaria meiacantha)
- rat-tail pincushion cactus
Growing Cactus in Texas or elsewhere may not be a challenging task if you can follow a few precautions and understand the right requirements of a cactus species. The cactus identification tips and the information on how to grow Cactus as outlined in the above discussion should ideally help you pick the right options.
Check out the different species of Cactus in Texas and share your inputs about the experience with us.